Born Charles Rettew Sheeler, Jr. on July 16 in Philadelphia to Charles Rettew Sheeler and Mary Cunningham Sheeler
Attended the School of Industrial Art in Philadelphia with a focus on industrial drawing and applied arts
Attended Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts (PAFA) in Philadelphia for traditional education in drawing and painting
[Pennsylvania] Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, Pa., c. 1900, Detroit Publishing Company Photograph Collection. Retrieved from the Library of Congress.
Traveled to Europe with William Merritt Chase and PAFA students
Mortimer Menpes, William M. Chase, and James McNeill Whistler standing together outdoors. c 1880-1900. Retrieved from the Library of Congress.
Met lifelong friend Morton Schamberg
2 paintings are exhibited in PAFA annual exhibition
Traveled through Europe with parents and met up with Schamberg to tour Naples, Rome, Venice, Milan, Florence, Paris, and London
Visited Stein Salon in Paris
Wide World Photos, Inc. Gertrude Stein sitting on a sofa in her Paris studio, with a portrait of her by Pablo Picasso, and other modern art paintings hanging on the wall behind her. May 1930. New York World-Telegram and the Sun Newspaper Photograph Collection. Retrieved from the Library of Congress.
Found inspiration from Italian Renaissance artists and French Modernists
Began renting a 1768 Pennsylvania fieldstone home called the Worthington House in Doylestown with the help of Henry Chapman Mercer
Doylestown House, Stairway, Open Door, Negative date: about 1916-17, gelatin silver print. © The Lane Collection. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.
Bought what is most likely an 8 x10 inch view camera ca. 1910-1912
Began photographing new buildings for local architects as a means to supplement income
“I went in for architectural photography, starting right at the bottom with the architecture of Philadelphia, and that was after learning the rudiments of photography and processing. It was encouraging. I had quite a good many architects engage me to photograph the house that had been completed. And then I began to add to that, I had commissions. I'd go around to see these people and show some of my photographs, and people would respond to them, and then they'd call me later and would I come and make some photographs of their house or whatever, and I got to -- took on, in addition to the architects, collectors of notable things.”
- An interview of Charles Sheeler conducted by Martin L. Friedman on 1959 June 18 for the Archives of American Art.
6 paintings are exhibited in the famed 1913 Armory Show in New York, the International Exhibition of Modern Art
Image of bust sculpture of a couple kissing by Constantine Brancusi, exhibited at the Armory Show of the Association of American Painters and Sculptures, New York. 1913. Retrieved from the Library of Congress.
Began exploring Cubism
Visited Carroll Galleries in New York with Schamberg for Exhibition of Synchromist Painting by Morgan Russell and S. MacDonald-Wright
Gertrude Käsebier (1852-1934), Alfred Stieglitz, 1902. Retrieved from the Library of Congress.
Met Alfred Stieglitz and became a frequent visitor to his gallery 291
Sent Stieglitz photographic notes
Made short film with Schamberg
Began photographing works of art for dealers and private collectors
Moved to 1822 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia
Met Marcel Duchamp and Man Ray at Walter Conrad Arensberg’s home
Invited by Stieglitz to show paintings and drawings
Made first visit to Stieglitz’s home
Began working for Marius de Zayas at the Modern Gallery
First exhibition of photographs with Schamberg and Paul Strand at Modern Gallery
Paul Strand (1890-1976), New York, 1916. Retrieved from the Library of Congress.
Exhibited work with the Society of Independent Artists group
Photo of Brancusi sculpture reproduced in Vanity Fair August issue
Became staff photographer at Modern Gallery
Participated in 13th John Wanamaker photo exhibition, winning the first and fourth prizes for Doylestown photographs
Schamberg died October 13 from influenza
Barn Abstraction featured in the first and only issue of the New York Dada magazine TNT
Moved to 160 East 25th Street, New York and sold first paintings to art collector Ferdinand Howald through dealer Charles Daniel
Made film starring his future wife, Katharine Baird Shaffer
Moved to 344 8th Ave., New York
Married Katharine Baird Shaffer on April 7
Charles Sheeler (1883-1965), Katharine by the Mantel, c. 1925, gelatin silver print, © The Lane Collection. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.
First public showing of Manhatta in New York Cityon July 24
Moved to W 147th Street, New York in fall
Duchamp photographed Sheeler for “Among the Best of American Painters” in Vanity Fair
Met poet William Carlos Williams
Began work on commercial photography commissions mainly through N.W. Ayer & Son
Moved to 10 W. 8th Street, New York above the Whitney Studio Club
Became Whitney Studio Club photographer
Organized exhibition of works by Picasso, Duchamp, de Zayas, and Braque for Whitney Studio Club
Solo exhibition of paintings and drawings at Whitney Studio Club of still lifes and landscape vignettes
Photographed sculpture of Gaston Lachaise
Charles Sheeler (1883-1965), Gaston Lachaise’s Head of a Woman, 1924. Published n A.E. Gallatin, Gaston Lachaise (New York: E.P. Dutton & Co. 1924).
Moved to studio at 17 W 8th Street, New York
Solo exhibition of photographs at the Art Center, New York
Hired by Edward Steichen to work for Condé Nast Publications producing fashion and celebrity photos for Vogue
and Vanity Fair
Moved to South Salem, New York
Modern art collector Duncan Phillips acquired Skyscrapers, 1922
Began freelance work for several advertising agencies
Charles Sheeler (1883-1965), Ina Claire as Betsy Ross. Vanity Fair, July 1, 1926. © Condé Nast.
Designed salt and pepper shakers and textiles
Exhibited in Whitney Studio Club’s 12th annual exhibition of paintings and sculpture
Received most important commission by N. W. Ayer & Son for new Ford Motor Company plant after spendingsix weeks at the River Rouge plant in Detroit
Charles Sheeler (1883-1965), Criss-Crossed Conveyers, River Rouge Plant, Ford Motor Company, 1927. Black and white print . 9 ¼ x 7 3/8 in. From the Collections of The Henry Ford.
Made short trip to Detroit in January to deliver photos to Edsel Ford
Continued to photograph Ford Motor cars for company catalogue
Photograph from Ford Motor Company advertisement.
Moved studio from 80 W 40th Street to 47 W 49th Street, New York
Sold American Landscape to art collector Abby Aldrich Rockefeller
Visited Paris and Germany
Exhibited in international photography exhibition in Stuttgart
Began work in conte crayon
Moved to studio at 310 E 44th Street, New York
Photos exhibited at Harvard Society of Contemporary Art
exhibited at Edith Halpert’ Downtown Gallery
Charles Sheeler (1883-1965), Edith Gregor Halpert, c. 1940, gelatin silver print, 9 x 13 in. Downtown Gallery Records, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.
Edith Halpert offered Sheeler exclusive representation at her Downtown Gallery in New York
Resigned from Condé Nast position
Stieglitz, Weston, and other photographers created f/64 group
Moved from South Salem, New York to Ridgefield, Connecticut, near Steichen
Purchased Contax camera
A 1932 Contax Camera.
Wife Katharine Sheeler died June 1 from cancer
Painted for Works Progress Administration
Included in Whitney Museum’s exhibition Abstract Painting in America in New York
Became member of New York Camera Club
Painted The Governor’s Palace
for Abby Rockefeller
Bain News Service, publisher. Abby Rockefeller. Retrieved from the Library of Congress.
Sheeler’s father died
Wrote his autobiographical notes
Author Constance Rourke published the biography Charles Sheeler: Artist in the American Tradition, based on Sheeler’s autobiographical notes and Rourke’s conversations with him
Was first American artist to be featured in issue of Life Magazine in four-page feature article: “Charles Sheeler Finds Beauty in the Commonplace”
Solo exhibition of photographs in San Francisco
Spent a few weeks photographing barns in Connecticut with Weston
Exhibited Boulder Dam photos at the Museum of Modern Art
1949 – Early 1950s
Received painting and photographic commissions for companies such as Pabst Brewing Company , Kodak, and U.S. Steel
Steel Croton, 1953, oil on canvas, 20 x 30 inches. Virginia Museum of Fine Arts .
Visited Weston in Carmel
Received commission from General Motors Company
Spent summer in the Maine home of the late watercolorist John Marin
Suffered stroke, essentially ending his career
Elected to the National Institute of Arts and Letters
Died May 7 after second stroke in Dobbs Ferry, New York